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Eliminating Drug and Substance Abuse Will Prevent Noncommunicable Diseases Among Young People

Eliminating Drug and Substance Abuse Will Prevent Noncommunicable Diseases Among Young People

Category : Naya Blog

Daniel Otieno

Availability of alcohol and tobacco, affordable price, peer influence, inadequate implementation of alcohol control act and inadequate preventive education on drug and substance abuse are responsible for drug and substance abuse among young people. Commonly abused drugs in Kenya include Prescription Drugs – including sex enhancement drugs, tobacco, Miraa or khat, Inhalants and Solvents, and alcohol. Due to legal penalties linked to use of bhang, Heroin, and Cocaine, abuse of these three is usually in secluded places though their effects on individual health are usually higher compared to the effects of other substances. Use of tobacco and alcohol are among the risk factors for non-communicable diseases including the mouth, throat cancer, and lung diseases. In 2015, a survey of 17 counties on alcohol and drug abuse conducted by the National Authority for the Campaign against Alcohol and Drug Abuse (NACADA), revealed a high use of drugs and alcohol by school-going teenagers. According to this study, alcohol was the most abused whereas prescription drugs was the most accessible.

In Kenya, the ministry of education in conjunction with the ministry of public health has developed national school health policy that targets reduction of non-communicable diseases among school going children. However, the policy implementation has experienced gaps in terms of keeping bars and tobacco away from learning institutions and also ensuring that children who are not in school are free from non-communicable diseases.

World Health Organization identifies the use of alcohol and tobacco, physical inactivity and eating habits as some of the risk factors to non-communicable diseases. Though preventable, cancer and lung diseases have been a major cause of adolescents’ mortalities and morbidities. To prevent effects of drug abuse among youth and adolescents immediate implementation of some health policies are necessary. First is the alcohol control act of 2010.This act prevents selling alcohol to persons under 18 years as well as selling unlicensed alcohol. However young people even below 15 have continued streaming bars and cigarette shops. Where are the authorities? Another act relating to prevention of non-communicable diseases is the national school health policy. Implementation of this policy can as well ride on alcohol prevention act to prevent accessibility to drug and substance abuse among young people, both in and out of school. Rehabilitation programs in addition to the effective provision of youth friendly services also play a significant role.   Rehabilitation from drug and substance abuse in Kenya is expensive. There is

In 2015, a survey of 17 counties on alcohol and drug abuse conducted by the National Authority for the Campaign against Alcohol and Drug Abuse (NACADA), revealed a high use of drugs and alcohol by school-going teenagers. According to this study, alcohol was the most abused whereas prescription drugs was the most accessible. In Kenya, the ministry of education in conjunction with the ministry of public health has developed national school health policy that targets reduction of non-communicable diseases among school going children. However, the policy implementation has experienced gaps in terms of keeping bars and tobacco away from learning institutions and also ensuring that children who are not in school are free from non-communicable diseases. World Health Organization identifies the use of alcohol and tobacco, physical inactivity and eating habits as some of the risk factors to non-communicable diseases. Though preventable, cancer and lung diseases have been a major cause of adolescents’ mortalities and morbidities. To prevent effects of drug abuse among youth and adolescents immediate implementation of some health policies are necessary. First is the alcohol control act of 2010.This act prevents selling alcohol to persons under 18 years as well as selling unlicensed alcohol. However young people even below 15 have continued streaming bars and cigarette shops. Where are the authorities? Another act relating to prevention of non-communicable diseases is the national school health policy. Implementation of this policy can as well ride on alcohol prevention act to prevent accessibility to drug and substance abuse among young people, both in and out of school. Rehabilitation programs in addition to the effective provision of youth friendly services also play a significant role.   Rehabilitation from drug and substance abuse in Kenya is expensive. There is

However, the policy implementation has experienced gaps in terms of keeping bars and tobacco away from learning institutions and also ensuring that children who are not in school are free from non-communicable diseases. World Health Organization identifies the use of alcohol and tobacco, physical inactivity and eating habits as some of the risk factors to non-communicable diseases. Though preventable, cancer and lung diseases have been a major cause of adolescents’ mortalities and morbidities. To prevent effects of drug abuse among youth and adolescents immediate implementation of some health policies are necessary. First is the alcohol control act of 2010.This act prevents selling alcohol to persons under 18 years as well as selling unlicensed alcohol. However young people even below 15 have continued streaming bars and cigarette shops. Where are the authorities? Another act relating to prevention of non-communicable diseases is the national school health policy. Implementation of this policy can as well ride on alcohol prevention act to prevent accessibility to drug and substance abuse among young people, both in and out of school. Rehabilitation programs in addition to the effective provision of youth friendly services also play a significant role.   Rehabilitation from drug and substance abuse in Kenya is expensive. There is need for providers of youth friendly services to prioritize rehabilitation from addiction in their programs. Provision of information on drugs and substance abuse cannot be underestimated. Education on drug and substance abuse will encounter the myths and misconceptions that drugs promotes academic prowess or eliminates stress. Finally provision of guidance and counseling and peer education will provide young people with life skills to avoid involvement in drug and substance abuse. With the political will to eliminate drug abuse and substance abuse, the effects of tobacco will, therefore, reduce cases of cancer and lung diseases among young people.

Implementation of this policy can as well ride on alcohol prevention act to prevent accessibility to drug and substance abuse among young people, both in and out of school. Rehabilitation programs in addition to the effective provision of youth friendly services also play a significant role. Rehabilitation from drug and substance abuse in Kenya is expensive. There is need for providers of youth friendly services to prioritize rehabilitation from addiction in their programs. Provision of information on drugs and substance abuse cannot be underestimated. Education on drug and substance abuse will encounter the myths and misconceptions that drugs promotes academic prowess or eliminates stress. Finally provision of guidance and counseling and peer education will provide young people with life skills to avoid involvement in drug and substance abuse. With the political will to eliminate drug abuse and substance abuse, the effects of tobacco will, therefore, reduce cases of cancer and lung diseases among young people.